Laser Welding

Understanding the Differences Between Composite Laser Welding and Annular Beam Welding Techniques

Understanding The Differences Between Composite Laser Welding And Annular Beam Welding Techniques | Laserchina

Discover the intricacies of composite laser welding and annular beam welding in this comprehensive blog post. We delve into the nuances that set these two laser welding machine techniques apart, exploring their unique applications, especially in the lithium battery sector. Whether you’re an industry professional or an enthusiast, this post, brought to you by LASERCHINA, will enlighten you on how these technologies can innovate processes and extend into various industries.

Differences in Light Source and Optical Path Design

Understanding The Differences Between Composite Laser Welding And Annular Beam Welding Techniques | Laserchina

The annular beam generates a ring-shaped spot on the workpiece through a specialized optical fiber, which consists of an inner and outer part, each transmitting different laser modes. The outer ring delivers a lower power density, while the inner section provides a high-power density Gaussian laser, both of which can be independently adjusted. In comparison, composite laser welding machines utilize a decoupled external optical path that combines fiber and semiconductor lasers through different optical routes, resulting in a hybrid beam that’s particularly effective on high-reflectivity materials like copper and aluminum.

Application Differences Between Annular Beam and Composite Laser Welding

The annular beam is known for its low spatter characteristic, which is essential in creating a stable keyhole and weld pool during the laser welding process. On the other hand, composite laser welding boasts multi-wavelength combination capabilities, allowing for efficient welding of high-reflectivity alloys with low spatter and a smooth welding surface. LASERCHINA engineers have further refined these techniques to stabilize the keyhole’s morphology, significantly reducing common welding defects such as porosity and spatter.

Understanding The Differences Between Composite Laser Welding And Annular Beam Welding Techniques | Laserchina

Operational Variances in Laser Welding Applications

Annular beams offer a compact and stable optical path design that facilitates ultra-high-speed welding and can be adapted to various collimating and focusing heads. Conversely, composite lasers provide a flexible system that can adjust the focus planes and spacing of two laser sources, making it suitable for uneven thicknesses, ultra-thin overlaps, and high-reflectivity alloys. The thermal impact zone is more extensive, allowing for higher energy utilization and smoother finishes.

Understanding The Differences Between Composite Laser Welding And Annular Beam Welding Techniques | Laserchina

Conclusion

In summary, both composite laser welding and annular beam welding present unique advantages that can be leveraged depending on the specific requirements of the welding task at hand. The ability to control energy density, beam diameter, and spatter makes these technologies invaluable to the laser welding machine industry. As we continue to explore these methods, LASERCHINA remains at the forefront of welding innovation, ensuring that engineers and manufacturers have access to the most advanced and efficient welding solutions available. Whether it’s for high-speed applications or complex materials, understanding these differences is key to choosing the right laser welding approach for your needs.

Understanding The Differences Between Composite Laser Welding And Annular Beam Welding Techniques | Laserchina

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